Everything You Need to Know About the Weed Strains

Marijuana legalization is slowly making its way across the globe. The US has been one of the frontiers in this revolution. More and more states are decriminalizing and legalizing marijuana for both recreational and medical use. 

In such a wonderful time that we live in, knowing the strains of weed is the least we can do. If we know what’s available and their signature tone, we can really fine-tune our purchase according to our taste. 

In this post, we’ll go over some of the most popular strains of weed, how they are processed, and how you can differentiate them from one another. 

But before that, let’s pay our homage to the plant that makes all of it happen, the Cannabis plant. 

The Cannabis Plant 

The marijuana we know comes from the Cannabis genus of plants. Most people have heard about the Cannabis plant. What they don’t know is that there three main species of the Cannabis plants and they all have distinctive properties. 

Cannabis Sativa 

The most common type of Cannabis plant. The origin for this specific species goes to the equator. The perfectly balanced light cycle has paved the way for Cannabis Sativa plants to thrive in this region. Some of the plants can go as high as 20 feet while flowering. Also, the Sativa plant has a longer flowering stage, meaning a higher yield than usual. 

You can differentiate the Cannabis Sativa plant by its leaves. They are quite long and pointy. It almost looks like a human finger. 

The strains processed from the Cannabis Sativa plant have distinct effects on the human brain as well. It’s one of the highest in terms of THC content. Some of them even boast more THC than some Indica strains. These strains are great for energizing the focus, inducing creativity, and a higher appetite. 

Some of the strains derived from the Sativa plant are Green Crack Punch, Aloha, Blackberry Dream, Cheesewreck, Chem Crush, Cherry Lime Haze, Donegal, Lemon G, King’s Bread, and many others. 

Cannabis Indica 

Another common plant in the Cannabis family. These plants grow the best in tropical regions. The variable light cycle accelerates the growth of this plant and brings the flowering cycle closer. Most commercial weed growers tend to opt for the Indica plant as they can harvest it as soon as the plant is mature. 

The leaves on this plant are pretty flat. The plant grows somewhere between 3 to 9 feet. It’s the perfect species to grow indoors thanks to its less intimidating size. 

The Cannabis Indica plant has a higher concentration of THC as well. The effects include relaxation, higher dopamine production, reduce stress, muscle pain relief, and so on. 

The most popular strains from this plant are Northern Lights, Sweet ZZ, Sherbet Queen, Blue Cheese, Purple Queen, etc. 

Cannabis Ruderalis 

This one is the shortest of the bunch. It grows to a mere 2 feet. Considering the size, the leaves are pretty thick and the stems are fat. It has the lowest THC concentration, making it a less likely choice for commercial growers. It’s also the reason that most people don’t know about it. 

But for some growers, the Cannabis Ruderalis is an empty canvas for experimentation. They use it for creating new strains. The biggest advantage of this plant is the auto-flowering seeds, a property absent in the other two species. 


Other than the main three plants, growers have mixed them to create hybrid strains of weed. Hybrid means that the plant has genetic features from at least two of the parent plants. The Cannabis Ruderalis is not used for commercial growing, but it’s sometimes used in hybrid strains. 

OG Kush, Chemdog, GSC, Original Glue, Wedding Cake, Skunk #1, White Widow, etc. are some of the most popular hybrid strains. 

The Best Weed Strains 

Considering the spectrum of weed strains, it’s not possible to go over all of them. Rather, what we’re going to do is take a look at the best strains from each of the family. Let’s get started. 

Haze Berry

The first strain in our list is the Haze Berry. It’s a Sativa strain, one of the classics. It has 20% characteristics of the Indica strains as well. It boasts the soothing taste of blueberry while giving you the ultimate euphoria. 

The effects last for quite some time and give you a very relaxing and energizing effect. It’s perfect for maintaining focus throughout the day. The buds have a mildly sweet flavor when cured. Overall, it’s a perfect fit for any occasion. 

The Haze Berry strain is more suitable for outdoor cultivation given that it’s a Sativa plant. Sativa strains grow quite large. The ideal harvest time is around 9 to 11 weeks for this one. For each plant, you can expect to get around 600-650 grams of weed. 

Dr. Grinspoon 

It’s a pure Sativa strain. It was primarily bred in Amsterdam. It’s named after the renowned American psychiatrist Lester Grinspoon. It’s an amazing strain for daytime use. It creates a great cerebral sensation. It improves focus like no other strains. 

Dr. Grinspoon takes quite long to harvest, around 13-14 weeks. The buds have a citrusy flavor and a mix of pine. 

White Widow

White Widow is a hybrid strain of weed. The name comes for the milky white trichomes you see on the buds. It’s a purely relaxing strain. You can call it a social high because it will make you feel good, but won’t interfere with your ability to go through the day at all. It offers full-body relaxation and a feeling of happiness inside the head. 

It’s a cross between the Cannabis Indica and the Cannabis Sativa. It’s one of the most popular strains of hybrid weed across the world. It can be harvested after around 8 to 9 weeks which is perfect for commercial growers. This strain grows up to 6 feet and provides over 700 grams of weed per plant. 

Hindu Kush

The Hindu Kush is a very long mountain range spread across Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Tajikistan. The pure Indica strain is named after the range because it originated there. It’s a very popular strain for making marijuana edibles like Hash. 

It has a mildly sweet taste along with an earthly note. It relaxes the body and gives a sense of pleasure. The high you get is different from most other Indica strains. It uplifts the mood and is great for nighttime use. It helps with pain, stress, and nausea. 

The originating environment for this weed strain is very harsh and it has resulted in thick trichomes around the flower buds. 

Utopia Haze

Utopia Haze is a nearly pure strain of the Cannabis Sativa plant with only 10% of Indica genetics. It’s derived from the Brazilian landrace with a THC concentration of 22%. It has a very minty flavor. The euphoria generated by this strain is quite strong and it hits hard after one or two draws. The effects last long enough to give you the pure bliss of mind. 

This strain can be harvested after around 10-11 weeks of growth. The plants don’t grow very long but have a very full presence to them. You can expect to grow 500 to 650 grams of weed for every square meter of the plantation area. 

Shining Silver Haze

The Haze is one of the classic Sativa strains and Cannabis consumers just love it. The Silver Shining Haze boasts properties from Haze, Skunk #1, and Northern Lights, three of the finest weed strains. It has a THC concentration of 21%, high enough to take you to a different world. It burns very smoothly while giving you a slightly sweet flavor to the mouth. The euphoria is very clear and distinguishable from other strains. 

This one is great for outdoor growing as it grows quite large thanks to its Sativa genes. It takes around 9 to 11 weeks before you can harvest the plants.  

Jamaican Dream 

Another Sativa dominant weed strain on our list. As the name suggests, it originated in Jamaica. The seeds are processed differently to bring out the maximum flavor. It has a subtle touch of sweetness to the mouth along with an almond flavor. The euphoria effects are very light for this strain. It induces a sense of relaxation without bogging you down for the day. It might be a perfect solution to wind down at night. 

The plant grows fairly fast. It only takes about 7 weeks before you can harvest it for buds. The buds are covered in crystallized trichomes, indicating that they are ready for pluck. 

Wedding Cake

It’s one of the new additions to the hybrid fleet of weed strains. It’s an Indica dominated strain. Crossing the Cherry Pie and Girl Scout Cookies derives this strain. It’ has a sweet smell to the smoke and a fruity flavor to the mouth. 

It has a very calming effect on the consumer. It increases appetite and helps with clinical depression. It’s also widely used for reducing stress. The THC concentration is 25%, one of the highest across all hybrid strains. 

The plant is very simple to grow and any beginner can do it indoors with the right seeds. Every plant can yield a harvest of up to 500 grams given that it gets proper care. 

Northern Light 

The Northern Light is one of the most potent weed strains from the Indica family. It’s very grower-friendly. It’s believed that this strain is derived from 11 different varieties of the Cannabis Indica Plant though the exact genetics are unknown. The flavor is very distinct, any weed veteran can pick up on it instantly. You get a nice combination of euphoria and mood uplift, perfect for getting through a stressful day. 

Each plant can give you up to 625 grams of Northern Light weed if you can grow them properly. You can do it both indoors and outdoors. The harvest stage comes as early as 8 weeks if the plants get enough nutrition. 


Tijuana is a cross between the Original Haze and Kali Mist. It’s very Sativa dominant and very strong. People love it for its strong buzz. The euphoria is very good for creative personnel. The effects are long-lasting as well. The buzz might be strong but it’s very uplifting at the same time. It might not be a good idea to smoke it during the day as it can hinder the cognitive response. 

The plant grows quite tall making it suitable for outdoor growing. Native to Sativa strains, this plant takes around 11-12 weeks to harvest. Late October would be the perfect time to pluck those potent buds. 

Amnesia Mac Ganja (AMG)

A combination between the Mexican Haze and Amnesia, it’s a four-time award winner. It has around 22% THC concentration, enough to boost your mood and the feeling of happiness. The flavor is a mix of herbs, spices, and earth.

It goes like a charm with coffee, making it a prime choice for coffeeshops in the Netherlands. It has about 80% Sativa characteristics and about 20% Indica characteristics. 

The plant grows for about 10 to 11 weeks before it reaches maximum potency. If grown outdoors, the plants can reach up to 6 feet. You can grow it indoors as well by initiating the flowering stage sooner. About 500 grams of weed is normal for every square meter of area for this strain. 

Skunk #1

Skunk is a popular strain used in many hybrids. As the name indicates, it emits a very funky smell when burnt. This strain is derived from Afghani, Colombian Gold, and Acapulco Gold. When smoked, Skunk #1 will leave you happy, calm, and energized. The euphoria is not very strong, making it perfect for daytime use.

Skunk #1 is one of the oldest hybrids, in production since the 1970s. It’s mostly intended to be grown indoors but outdoors works fine as well. You can expect to get around 500 grams of fine weed from each plant and it takes about 8-9 weeks before you can harvest. 

Final Words

The landscape of marijuana is wider than ever before. There might be only two genera of the plants, but the possibilities of strains are limitless.